Note: This is a work in progress...if you notice errors, please let me know.

QM=Quantum Mechanics

SR=Special Relativity

GR=General Relativity

There are still several fundamental problems with the interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. Admittedly, it is arguably the most successful theory in all of physics, but there are a number of paradoxical and unintuitive results that occur when the formalism is blindly followed. It is my opinion that QM as currently formulated is not a final theory. I believe that there is a deeper structure which gives QM as a statistical approximation, just as Classical Mechanics is an approximation of QM for systems composed of many particles.

Let's begin with the measurement problem.

A "observed" system makes a discontinuous "jump" into a single eigenstate of the measurement observable. Which of the final states will be selected is currently an unknown and unknowable in standard QM.

However, this system + observer is just a subset of a larger "unobserved" system, which evolves deterministically according to the Schrodinger equation, or more accurately the Klein-Gordon or Dirac equations, its relativistic cousins. Based on this, the device for making a measurement "selection" should reside within the QM formalism, without having to ad hoc in a new "hidden variable".

Everything is made of quantum particles. I do not subscribe to Bohr's artificially drawn line between quantum and classical systems.

I propose that the overall phases of single quantum particles are the devices by which measurement selections are made.

1) QM has been enormously successful over the past years for predicting all kinds of phenomena. Any successor theory must give the same results within the valid regime of QM. The overall phase does not change the probabilistic predictions of QM.

Let |S> = e

Hence, as stated in so many QM books, the overall phase plays no role in the probabilistic predictions of QM. However, this does not rule out the possibility that the overall phase could play some role in which eigenstate is selected in a measurement process. It simply puts a condition on the allowed values that the phase might take - it must obey a statistical law if one repeats "identical up to a phase factor" experiments.

2) The overall phase is a relativistic invariant. Thus, all inertial observers will agree on phase values.

Phi =

Also, this relation gives the phase values as the particle moves through spacetime. Other relativistic invariants include such things as c-speed of light, m

Phi(

This description shows how the phases of separate particles could maintain a phase entanglement. If the particles are of equal rest mass and if they begin at the same spacetime event point, then their respective phases change at the same rates according to each one's proper time.

3) When one considers free particle scattering theory, the result is that the only change in the wave function at large distances is a change in the phase of the outgoing wave. Think about this. We are repeating "identical up to a phase factor" experiments with two particles. We have a target particle at a certain location. We shoot a moving particle at it with the same velocity from the same location in each setup. QM can not predict the exact outcome of this simple experiment, just the scattering cross-section probabilities. What can determine the actualized outcome? There is apparently some sort of phase interaction that occurs in the collision. Perhaps the differing overall initial phases of the particles involved in the same experimental configuration are what account for the different possible outcomes of the same experiment.

Please, send comments to John Wilson

relativity

See SRQM: QM from SR - The 4-Vector RoadMap (.html)

See SRQM: QM from SR - The 4-Vector RoadMap (.pdf)

SRQM Physics Diagramming Method

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector and Lorentz Scalar Diagram

SRQM + EM 4-Vector : Four-Vector and Lorentz Scalar Diagram

SRQM + EM 4-Vector : Four-Vector and Lorentz Scalar Diagram With Tensor Invariants

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Stress-Energy & Projection Tensors Diagram

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector SR Quantum RoadMap

SRQM + EM 4-Vector : Four-Vector SR Quantum RoadMap

SRQM + EM 4-Vector : Four-Vector SR Quantum RoadMap - Simple

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector New Relativistic Quantum Paradigm

SRQM + EM 4-Vector : Four-Vector New Relativistic Quantum Paradigm (with EM)

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector New Relativistic Quantum Paradigm - Venn Diagram

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector SpaceTime is 4D

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector SpaceTime Orthogonality

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector 4-Position, 4-Velocity, 4-Acceleration Diagram

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector 4-Displacement, 4-Velocity, Relativity of Simultaneity Diagram

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector 4-Velocity, 4-Gradient, Time Dilation Diagram

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector 4-Vector, 4-Velocity, 4-Momentum, E=mc^2 Diagram

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector 4-Velocity, 4-WaveVector, Relativistic Doppler Effect Diagram

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Wave-Particle Diagram

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Compton Effect Diagram

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Aharonov-Bohm Effect Diagram

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Josephson Junction Effect Diagram

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Hamilton-Jacobi vs Action, Josephson vs Aharonov-Bohm Diagram

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Motion of Lorentz Scalar Invariants

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Motion of Lorentz Scalar Invariants, Conservation Laws & Continuity Equations

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Speed of Light (c)

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Minimal Coupling Conservation of 4-TotalMomentum)

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Relativistic Action (S) Diagram

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Relativistic Lagrangian Hamiltonian Diagram

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Relativistic Euler-Lagrange Equation

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Relativistic EM Equations of Motion

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Einstein-de Broglie Relation hbar

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Quantum Canonical Commutation Relation

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector QM Schroedinger Relation

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Quantum Probability

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector CPT Theorem

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Lorentz Transforms Connection Map

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Lorentz Discrete Transforms

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Lorentz Transforms - Trace Identification

SRQM 4-Vector : Four-Vector Lorentz Lorentz Transforms-Interpretations

CPT Symmetry, Baryon Asymmetry Problem Solution, Matter-Antimatter Symmetry Solution, Arrow-of-Time Problem Solution, Big-Bang!

See SRQM: QM from SR - The 4-Vector RoadMap (.html)

See SRQM: QM from SR - The 4-Vector RoadMap (.pdf)

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